Canada has become a very serious destination for higher education lately. It is offering some of the best programs and competing strongly with the USA. The number of students now visiting Canada for higher studies has shown an increasing trend.Canada is known for being a pluralist and inclusive country and opens communities from all over the world. The country is vast and very beautiful with climatic conditions which are conducive as well as give an opportunity to live in some of the best winters anywhere.
Study in Canada
Canada, with an estimated 36 million population, is a highly developed country, is considered one of the world’s most ethnically diverse and multi-cultural nation. The majority of its population is largely due to in-migration from many countries during the last couple of decades. The Canadian government allows people to immigrate to their country if you meet specific and specialised skills so that it could complement their industry and business needs. The Canadian government itself claims that they have no culture of their own because they have diverse mix from people who have moved there. They claim that practically every country in the world is represented there through their citizens who have chosen to make Canada their permanent home.
Its economy is booming and is on the growth path. It has rich and abundant natural resources and international trade networks.
However, Canada is not a modern nation but it traces its history to the original settlers called the aborigins. The country has a rich history of early visitors who arrived there and made it their home. The French have made a very dominant influence on the country’s evolution and even today, French is spoken widely and is accepted as the official language a few of the 13 provinces of Canada.
According to the United Nations (UN), Canada is listed amongst the top ten countries to live since 1994, predominantly because it offers a very good quality of life, high life expectancy supported by a very effective government based health care system, and universal access to good quality education. The crime and violence rate are pretty low as compared to other nations. It follows a very effective police and stringent governance system.
As mentioned above, Canada is politically bifurcated into 13 provinces, viz. Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, and Yukon.
Canada is achieved technological excellence in some industry and is a world leader in some of them. It has dominance in aerospace, transportation systems, medical devices, nuclear power, oceanography, fishing, mining, health care, telecommunications, micro-electronics, software and information technology, generation of hydro-electricity. It encourages and promotes clean technology.
The Education System in Canada
Interesting, each of the 13 provinces individually control the education system of their respective educational institutions and universities as per the provisions of the Constitution Act, 1982. There are very few common rules and regulations and therefore, as a student you must be aware of them.
The Educational tier system consists of schools at the bottom of pyramid, followed by a college education system and the Universities. In between the College and the Universities are the Technical Institutions which offer vocational training diplomas. These are also referred to as community colleges or career colleges, and do not offer degrees for their programmes which could range anywhere between 1-3 years. Accordingly, in keeping with their legal status, their fees are also very nominal. That is not so true with the Universities or University Colleges which offer degrees and are governed by private bodies. The University or University Colleges offer four year undergraduate degrees as well as graduate and post-graduate courses, i.e. Master degree and right up to the doctoral level.
These network of institutions are a healthy mix of private as well as those government by the provincial governments.
Every year, more than 1,80,000 students arrive in Canada to pursue their higher education. As many as 8000 to 9000 students from India opt for Canada to seek specialisation in their chosen vocations.
If you wish to study in Canada, you will be required to mandatorily take two important tests, i.e. the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) and the GRE.
Canada also has a stated policy on allowing international students to continue to work there and also apply for permanent residence which takes above 18 to 24 months which is followed by citizenship. There is a huge demand for skilled professionals and there are good opportunities to match your education profile.
Canada is also considered by students as a good options for immigration, we see many Indians in canada.
List of universities in Canada:
- University of British Columbia
- McGill University
- York University
- University of Calgary
- University of Windsor
- George Brown
- Simon Fraser University